The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is holding a meeting from 24-30 June 2006 in Marrakech, Morocco, in which members of NTRA will actively participate. NTRA places high importance on this meeting as it will give us different viewpoints of managing the Internet.
Several working groups will be formed spearheaded by the Government Advisory Committee Working Groups, which will hold a round table discussion on the second day of the meeting to discuss issues related to the ICANN scope, importance and Marrakech agenda.
Background on ICANN
ICANN was established by virtue of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the U.S. Department of Commerce and ICANN to transition management of the Domain Name System (DNS) from the U.S. government to the international community.
ICANN scope encompasses the following:
- preservation of the operational stability of the Internet
- promotion of competition
- representation of global Internet communities
- development of policy appropriate to its mission through bottom-up, consensus-based processes.
ICANN is responsible for:
Internet Protocol (IP)§ address space allocation,
protocol identifier assignment,§
generic§ (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and
root server system management functions.§
It coordinates the management of the technical elements of the DNS (domain Names System) to ensure universal resolvability so that all users of the Internet can find all valid addresses, by overseeing the distribution of unique technical identifiers used in the Internet’s operations, and delegation of Top-Level Domain names (such as .com, .info, etc.). The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users find their way around the Internet. Every computer on the Internet has a unique address called its 'IP address' (Internet Protocol address). Because IP addresses (which are strings of numbers) are hard to remember, the DNS allows a familiar string of letters (the 'domain name') to be used instead. So rather than typing '18.104.22.168,' you can type 'www.icann.org.'
As for the rules for financial transactions, Internet content control, unsolicited commercial email (spam), and data protection, these are outside the range of ICANN’s mission of technical coordination.
ICANN embodies the collaboration between governments and businesses, organizations, and skilled individuals involved in building and sustaining the global Internet. It is important to note, that over 80 governments closely advise the Board of Directors via the Governmental Advisory Committee.
ICANN sets two keys for the success of its role namely: the full participation of the international community and collaborative nature of the bottom-up policy development process.
For further information, please refer to the website: www.icann.org