Events
ICANN to Hold their 29th Meeting from the 25th through the 29th of June, 2007, in San Juan, Puerto Rico
6/27/2007

The meeting will discuss a number of vital and influential issues that would specifically interest the Arab World in particular and developing countries in genThe meeting will discuss a number of vital and influential issues that would specifically interest the Arab World in particular and developing countries in general, where the sessions will tackle issues such as multilingualism of fields and striving to support more languages on the net.

Egypt, naturally, pays attention to supporting  the Arabic language with regards to domain names, in addition to generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) or country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) fields. 

The Egyptian position is based on the principles of respect for the different cultures and people of the world, and the significance of enhancing the means of dialogue and understanding between different nations; henceforth promoting values such as pluralism, liberty and free competition.

It is strongly believed that supporting the Arabic language as such will lead to the future provision of complete ccTLDs in the Arabic language, in addition to the possibility of their provision in other languages as well.

Moreover, the ICANN is expected to discuss throughout this meeting, the possibility of providing new gTLDs.
It is important to note that Cairo had previously hosted the African Union's workshop of the AFTLD.
For more information about the conference, you may visit the following link:
http://sanjuan2007.icann.org

What is ICANN?
 
ICANN was created through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the U.S. Department of Commerce and ICANN with the purpose of transferring the  management of the Domain Name System (DNS) from the U.S. government to the global community.
ICANN's scope of work includes the following:

1. Keeping the stability of the operation of the Internet
2. Encouraging competition;
3. Representing international Internet communities;
4. Facilitating DNS policy development that would go along the lines of the mission and the goals of the organization through a bottom-up, collaborative process that depends on surveys.

ICANN is responsible for coordinating the management of the technical elements of the DNS to ensure universal resolvability so that Internet users around the world can find all valid addresses. It does this by overseeing the distribution of unique technical identifiers used in the Internet's operations, and delegation of Top-Level Domain names (such as .com, .info, etc.).

The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users find their way around the Internet. Every computer on the Internet has a unique address called its 'IP address' (Internet Protocol address). Because IP addresses (which are strings of numbers) are hard to remember, the DNS allows a familiar string of letters (the 'domain name') to be used instead. So rather than typing '192.0.34.163,' you can type www.icann.org.

The rules for financial transactions, Internet content control, unsolicited commercial email (spam), and data protection are outside the range of ICANN's mission of technical coordination.

Designed to respond to the demands of rapidly changing technologies and economies, the flexible, readily implemented policy development process originates in the three Supporting Organizations. Advisory Committees from individual user organizations and technical communities work with the Supporting Organizations to create appropriate and effective policies. Over eighty governments closely advise the Board of Directors via the Governmental Advisory Committee.
 
ICANN Chart
Within ICANN's structure, governments and international treaty organizations work in partnership with businesses, organizations, and skilled individuals involved in building and sustaining the global Internet. Innovation and continuing growth of the Internet bring forth new challenges for maintaining stability. Working collectively, ICANN's participants address those issues that directly concern ICANN's mission of technical coordination. Consistent with the principle of maximum self-regulation in the high-tech economy, ICANN is perhaps the foremost example of collaboration by the various constituents of the Internet community.

ICANN is governed by an internationally diverse 19-membered Board of Directors overseeing the policy development process. ICANN's President directs an international staff, working from three continents, which ensure that ICANN meets its operational commitment to the Internet community.

ICANN Achievements

ICANN was established in 1998, and had succeeded since then in achieving a vast number of accomplishments, the most important of which are:

1. ICANN established an international market which enjoys competition for generic domain name (gTLD) registrations.
2. ICANN implemented a Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP), which coincides with International Property Rights principles.
3. The deployment of IPv6.
4. The deployment of Internationalized Domain Names (IDN), opening the way for multilingual registration of domains (also currently available in Latin alphabet).
5. The adoption of vast numbers of ccTLD fields such as:  .biz, .info, .pro, .name, .museum, .aero, and .coop.

Relevant Links

1. ICANN's Dictionary for Internet Terminology
http://www.icann.org/general/glossary.htm
2. ICANN's Website
http://www.icann.org
3. Address Supporting Organization—ASO
http://www.aso.icann.org
4. Country Code Domain Name Supporting Organization – CCNSO
http://www.ccnso.icann.org
5. Generic Names Supporting Organization—GNSO
http://www.gnso.icann.org
6. At-Large Advisory Committee—ALAC
http://www.alac.icann.org
7. Governmental Advisory Committee—GAC
http://www.gac.icann.org